ASHBURN (COLORED) (and FARMWELL), Broad Run District
Data as of 9/28/2017
Sections: 1) Insurance, 2) Purchase and Sale Information, 3) History Question, 4) 1940 Insurance Photos and Physical Description, 5) Instructors.
- Ashburn Insured by LCPS system in 1932. Source: LCPS Staff. (1924-1936). Insurance Record. Purcellville: LCPS. (Found in LCPS Records Office, Round Hill. Black Book with Red Spine and Corners) Page 45. See also insurance photos below for physical description and insured value in 1940.
2) Location, Purchase and Sale Information:
- 20635 Ashburn Road, Ashburn. Also known as Cedar Lane 1882-92, Farmwell 1892 to 1896 and Ashburn 1896 to 1959. Currently owned by Loudoun School for the Gifted, an official partner of the Edwin Washington Project.
- There are conflicting accounts on dates of construction, Some say 1892 as a one room frame building for a cost of $500 other report 1887 as a one room frame structure for $400. Source: Report of Survey Committee on Long Range Planning for Loudoun County, Jan, 1940. Location: LCPS: Archives folder 2.2 County School Board, 1918-1952.
- Sold at public auction Saturday, April 4, 1959 at noon in front of the Court House of Loudoun County. Known as a one-room, frame school house, the same property was sold to the Broad Run District under the deed of B.F. Noland and wife, December 6, 1892. This would hint that is the property was sold in 1892, the school came later; though that’s not necessarily accurate. It could have been a privately held school before being sold to the local school board. Source: Poster for Public Auction April 4, 1959 in School Box #2, Archives of the Loudoun County, Circuit Court, Leesburg. See also Deed Book 7G, Folio 171, Archives of the Loudoun County Circuit Court, Leesburg.
- See also Guide to Ashburn Colored School at the Balch Library.
3) History Questions Needing Further Research
- The Edwin Washington Project has identified student lists Term Reports (paper format) 1924/25 to 1957/58 and Enrollment Reports for 1957/58. See file box 13: School Enrollment Reports.
- For the school year ending July 31, 1893, Adam J. Smith was the “colored” instructor for Farmwell. His home was in Middleburg and he operated on a 3rd Grade Certificate. Was Farmwell Colored School what was later known as the Ashburn Colored School, built in 1892? See the Black History Committee reference to “Ashburn (Farmwell) – In late 1887, several men and women of the growing Oak Grove Baptist Church applied for dismissal so that they could organize a church closer to their homes in Farmwell.
- Charlie Harris bought an acre of land and they held a grand cornerstone dedication for Zion Baptist in fall of 1880. By 1928 the congregation had forty members. In the warm months, picnic dinners were held outside. Families would bring baskets filled with home-cooked foods covered with a white napkin or a large checkered tablecloth to spread on the grass. Often families pooled their meals, or for twenty-five cents they could purchase fried chicken, country ham, cornbread, stewed tomatoes, string beans, cabbage with fatback, potato salad, homemade pies, and ice cream from the stand run by four “sisters” and two deacons. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the community also supported Monroe Chapel Colored Methodist Episcopal Church, the only congregation of that independent branch of southern black Methodists in Loudoun. Greater Zion Baptist Church on Ashburn Road remains active and the one-room Ashburn school stands next door.”
- The Balch Library has a number of documents that relate to the history of Colored School #A, which would eventually also be known as Farmwell and Cedar Run. “This collection contains the teacher’s register for Colored School #A in the Broad Run District of Loudoun County, covering 1886-1894. During these years, the school was known by several names, often simply as “Colored School #A,” but also Cedar Lane in the years 1888-1892. Beginning in 1893, the school was also called Farmwell Colored School, though it always retained the #A designation. The register contains the names of students and their attendance records, as well as what the students studied. Physical information is also provided on the structure.
- See also
- 2014: Loudoun School For the Gifted purchase the Ashburn Colored School.
- 2016 a group of students with the Loudoun School for the Gifted agreed to restore the school.
- On the early hours of Sunday, October 2nd, 2016 vandals seriously marked up the exterior of the building with racist statements; but the population of Loudoun responded on a bi-partisan basis with revulsion over the attack and with gifts to help the restoration effort from political parties and candidates and the ADAMS Center, the largest Mosque in Virginia.
- Loudoun School For the Gifted Appeal for Help
- The Loudoun County Board of Supervisors, in partnership with Washington Redskins owner Dan Snyder, announced the donation of $35,000 by the owner and the Washington Redskins Charitable Foundation to benefit the restoration of the Ashburn Colored School.
- Five Teens Face charges.
- CNN Reported the story, which took it world-wide.
- 4) Photographs from 1940 Insurance Project
Photo By Thos E. Sims, Jr. Source: Insurance Analysis and Permanent Record – Property of Loudoun County School Board: Garrett Insurance Company (Fireman’s Fund Insurance Company), Leesburg, Virginia. October, 1940. (Blue Insurance Binder, LCPS Records Office, Round Hill, Loudoun, Co., Va.)
5) Instructors for Farmwell and Ashburn
- Balch Library Research: Several African American teachers worked at the school over the years, including Morgan M. Snowden (fl. 1890), John Jackson (fl. 1890), W. A. Thomas (fl. 1890), John C. Walker (b. 1869), and Adam Smith (fl. 1890). “
- 1892/1893 Adam J. Smith was the “colored teacher” for Farmwell, which was a community related to Aldie. He operated on a 3rd grade certificate. Source: Lists of Teachers, 1892-1975 (1893ColoredA Census of Colored Teachers for the School Year closing July 31, 1893), Richmond, Virginia, USA: Virginia Department of Public Instruction/Education.
- 1893/1896: No Mention of Ashburn by that name in LCPS records until the 1896/97 academic year.
- 1893/94 Academic Year: Mr. Adam J. Smith of Middleburg instructed at “Farmwell” on a second grade certificate. Source: Lists of Teachers, 1892-1975 ( 18931894ColoredReel4418Census of Colored Teachers 1893/94 – March 30, 1894), Richmond, Virginia, USA: Virginia Department of Public Instruction/Education.
- 1894/95: Mr. Smith continued at Farmwell. Source: Lists of Teachers, 1892-1975 ( 1895ColoredA Census of Colored Teachers 1894/95 – Done Dec 10, 1894), Richmond, Virginia, USA: Virginia Department of Public Instruction/Education.
- 1895/96: Mr. Smith continued at Farmwell on a 2nd Grade Certificate. Source: Lists of Teachers, 1892-1975 (1896ColoredCombined Census of Colored Teachers 1895/96 – Done Dec 15, 1895), Richmond, Virginia, USA: Virginia Department of Public Instruction/Education.
- 1896/97: Mr. Smith returned to Ashburn, operating on a 3rd Grade certificate. Source: Lists of Teachers, 1892-1975 (1897ColoredCombined Census of Colored Teachers 1896-97 – Done Dec 15, 1896), Richmond, Virginia, USA: Virginia Department of Public Instruction/Education.
- 1920-23: Helen Ray. Source, Term Reports, LCPS Archives.
- 1923-24: Elizabeth M. Norton, Source, Term Reports, LCPS Archives.
- 1930/31 Academic Year: Helen Daly was appointed as a “Colored Teacher” by the School Board. Source: Loudoun Times Mirror Staff. (1930, July 10). School Board Holds Its Regular Session. Loudoun Times Mirror.
- 1932/33 – 1956/57. Lola Herrod Jackson (1902- 2001) was instructor. Source Teacher Records in Round Hill Center. Archives box marked Personnel. For the 1942/43 Academic year, see also Loudoun Times Mirror, (1942, April 16), pg 2. School Board. See also Lola Jackson Biography for Jackson’s background and photograph.
Edited by Larry W. Roeder, Jr., MS South Riding, Virginia (c) 2016, the Edwin Washington Project.