Bluemont Colored School

Bluemont Colored School, Mt. Gilead District

Data as of 3/21/2017

The town of Bluemont was known as Snicker’s Gap between 1807-1824.

1)  Insurance and Structure

  • 1927  Perhaps not insured by LCPS system. Source:  Insurance Record. Purcellville: LCPS.   Page 32/33.
  • 1931.  Insured for $15,500.   Source:  Insurance Record. Purcellville: LCPS.   Page 54/55.
  • Construction:  1 room frame, heated with wood.
  • Operated in the Mt. Gilead District.  See EWP Archives, 9.2 Map: Loudoun County, 1923

2)  History

  • Built before 1895.  We recommend more research on Bluemont.  See 11.1 Insurance Record (1924-57) , pg 32.  Not insured.   Usually, records distinctly indicate that school is colored.  Records in Archives of the Circuit Court of Loudoun County indicate that the white Bluemont was purchased Oct 5, 1922.  The 1914 Annual Report also speaks of Bluemont, but without a racial appellation, which usually means it is a white school.  According to the “notable events of the year” portion of the 1914 report, Bluemont was expanded at the cost of $1,000.
  • 1930:  The Loudoun County School Board decided on July 10th, 1930 to consider at its next meeting (August 4th) to close Bluemont, due to lack of attendance.  Source: Washington Post Staff. (1930, July 11). Loudoun Reelects School Officials. Washington Post, p. 20.
  • 1933:   According t Eric Lawson at the Loudoun County Circuit Court Archives on 12/17/2016, The Colored school was at Butcher’s Hallow and closed in 1933. The address was 33691 Snickersville Turn Pike.
  • 1934:   Petition.   Parents from Bluemont wrote to the School Board on Oct 3, 1934 taking note of the fact that the school had been closed, due to the size of attendance which make Bluemont an “illegal school,” though the exact date of closure wasn’t provided. “In view of this condition, we, the patrons of the Bluemont colored school, are asking the Loudoun County Board of Education to give us transportation for seven pupils to Rock Hill School, with the teachers, as she passes through Bluemont going from Purcellville to Rock Hill school.  We the undersigned persons believe that this request is reasonable.”  Signed by eleven patrons.   (Source: Petition from Bluemont school patrons to the Board of Education, October 3, 1934.  Location:  LCPS Archives, Round Hill Center.)

3)  Instructors

1925/26 – 1928/29     Beatrice B. Scipio.  Source:  Term Reports and Teacher Reports, LCPS Archives.  In addition,  “One of Christopher and Rose’s children was Beatrice Scipio (1892-1978) who earned a teaching degree from Storer College in Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia in 1910.  Shortly thereafter she began a 46year teaching career, during which she taught at the Bluemont ―Colored School on the mountain near Butcher’s Branch until it closed in 1933.  Later she taught at the George Washington Carver School in Purcellville where she ended her teaching career in 1957.  Scipio was well respected in her community and frequently taught children in her home.  In addition to teaching, Scipio served as the music director and longtime deaconess of the First Baptist Church of Bluemont.  She died in 1978 and was buried in the Scipio family plot in the Rock Hill Cemetery north of Unison.:  Source:  pg 28 Loudoun County African-American Historic Architectural Resources Survey, September 2004.
1929/30 – 1930/31.    Milda M. Smith.  Born July 3, 1900.  Lived in Elberon.  Graduated from Hampton Institute and Petersburg.  Source:  Term Reports and Teacher Reports, LCPS Archives.

1931/32 –    BraucheMarthaM006  Martha M. Branche.  Born 5/31/1911.  Lived in Washington, DC.  Graduated from Dunbar High School and Miner Teacher’s College, Washington, DC.  Only instructed the one year in Loudoun.  Source:  Teacher’s Record and Term Reports, LCPS Archives.

School closed in 1933.  Address was 33691 Snickersville Turn Pike.  


Edited by Larry W. Roeder, Jr., MS  (c) 2016/2017

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