Lincoln Colored School (also known as Janney’s School)
Data as of 9/2/17
Written by Larry Roeder, with much assistance from Carol Morris Dukes, founder and first president of the Lincoln Preservation Foundation.
1) District: Mt. Gilead
2) History: History of the Lincoln schools.
- Includes discussion of Quaker influence and a list of instructors. See also nomination of the Goose Creek Historic District for federal recognition on the national register of historic places. History of the Lincoln Colored School.
- Construction date was 1872. 2 room, frame construction. Source: Report of Survey Committee on Long Range Planning for Loudoun County, Jan, 1940. Location: LCPS: Archives folder 2.2 County School Board, 1918-1952.
1927: Insured by LCPS for $550. Insurance Record. Purcellville: LCPS, pg 32/33
3) Photographs and Physical Description from 1940 Insurance Files
a) A contemporary photograph as well as earlier school photos exist on the Lincoln Preservation Foundation Page.
Photo By Thos E. Sims, Jr. Source: Insurance Analysis and Permanent Record – Property of Loudoun County School Board: Garrett Insurance Company (Fireman’s Fund Insurance Company), Leesburg, Virginia. October, 1940. (Blue Insurance Binder, LCPS Records Office, Round Hill, Loudoun, Co., Va.)
1878 showing the design for the first road to the Lincoln Colored School. Map was found in road records in the Loudoun County Circuit Court Archives.
Side deck in 2016. The school is now a residence and was for sale in 2017.
An important part of the research will be to identify all of the instructors.
1865-1868 (exact dates uncertain) Miss Liza Janney, Mr. Samuel Janney and Mr. Rodney Davis.
1868-1871: Caroline Thomas (after Leesburg) 1868-1871.
- 1871 – 1893: No official records found.
- 1893/1894: Ms. Laurenda Duvall of Lincoln was a “colored” instructor for Lincoln and operated on a 3rd grade certificate. Mr. Chas B. Williams of Roselyn, Va also was a colored instructor and operated on a second grade certificate.
- 1894/95: Mr/ G.B. (or CB) Williams of Alleghany Springs, Va instructed on a first grade certificate and Miss Laurenda Duvall of Lincoln continued to instruct on Third grade certificate.
- 1895/96: Mr. W.S. Morgan of Richmond, Virginia instructed on a 1st grade certificate. Miss Luanna Tate of Silcott Springs instructed on a 3rd grade permit and Ms Laurinda Duvall from Lincoln instructed on a 3rd grade permit.
- 1896/97: Mr. W.S. Morgan, now identified from Lincoln, was still the instructor:
- 1898-1909: Files Missing
- 1916/17: No information
- 1917/18: Ms. Mattie McQuay. Had a seven month contract on a 3rd grade certificate issues in 1917. Was paid $30 a month.
- 1930/31 Academic Year. Curtis Ewing was elected instructor by the School Board on June 10th, 1930. (Times Mirror Staff, 1930). We also know that Mr. Ewing was the instructor at the Conklin Colored School for the 1923/24 academic year at a rate of $40 a month. He had a local permit for all topics and operated on a six month contract. He was also supposed to be the instructor for the 1924/25 academic year, but the school was closed, due to lack of attendance. See Conklin Study. Ewing was also supposed to be from Leesburg. I didn’t find one there; but the 1920 Census for Broad Run showed an 18 year old farm laborer of this name. He would have been about 21 or 22 in 1923, so this is possible; but I’ve not found another record.
- School year 1923-24 for Curtis Ewing. Address: Leesburg. Grade of Certification: Local permit. When issued or renewed: 1923. When expired: 1924 Years Experience: 1. Where Educated: public school (Kroiz, 2013)
- Ewing remained the instructor 1931-1934/35. We also know that in 1934, Lincoln Colored was very crowded, so the School Board decided on November 6th that the Purcellville primary teacher was to supply half a day at Lincoln (Washington Post Staff, 1934).
- 1935/36. Binns Walker was instructor, by 1940 a chauffeur with a 4 year degree.
- 1936/37 through 1941/42, Curtis Ewing was the instructor.
- 1946/47. Curtis Ewing returned to Lincoln, having instructed in Lovettsville in the 1942/43 through 1945/46 academic years. See (Washington Post Staff, 1946), also the Loudoun Times Mirror (Times-Mirror Staff, 1942).