Admin, Staff and Money
Loudoun was a poor county during segregation and had to rely on a complex system of charitable contributions, local taxes, federal support and other means to provide building stock, pay salaries and do all of the other things required to make a school system work. This section explores those efforts and whether the provision of resources was equal between the races and sexes.
Loudoun County has had a number of superintendents of public instruction; perhaps the most important being Oscar Emerick, who served from 1917 until he started going blind in 1957. He was also the first full-time Superintendent and introduced a modern sense of administration. The question then is, did he and the other leaders, as well as the School Board, provide appropriate management and financial resources? We know this was a struggle from the start, and in the catalog are references to supplemental funding attempts, the use of Bonds, Literary Fund loans, etc. There were constant struggles for funds from the School Board and the Board of Supervisors. Were funds distributed fairly between the races? We know they were not, but who was to blame, the general public who might not have wanted to pay additional taxes, the School Board or the Superintendent, or some combination? Would society have allowed Emerick to be more liberal?
8.1 Budgets and Estimates
These are wonderful tools for understanding how schools were managed, and can sometimes be used to compare priorities in white vs Black education.
Documents other catalog numbers were mainly about other topics; but also had an important Budget component.
8.1 Annual Budget Files
8.1 Budget 1917 to 1928
8.1 Budget 1929 1949
8.1 Budget 1950s
8.1 School Budget Cuts in 1918
- 2.2 Yr. Unknown Budget Support for Mt Gilead 2.2 Unk Budget Support for Mt Gilead
- 8.1 Yr. 1908 to 1918 Statistical Study used for Budget Planning 8.1 Yr 1908 1918 Statistical Study
- 8.1 Yr. 1916-1918 - Budgets and Estimates. One of the records in this file "Facts About Loudoun County Public Schools," revealed that in academic year 1917/18, of each "100 pupils entering 1st elementary grade, 34 complete the 7th grade, 27 enter the 1yr high school, and 9 complete the high school course." The average salary for white teachers in one and two room schools was $337.66, whereas the average salary for Blacks was $186.54. In schools of three or more teachers, the average salary for whites was $511.53, vs $196.01 for Blacks. White male teachers made on average $719.76, vs $396.70 for white females. 8.1 Yr, 1916 1918 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1916 - 1955 Annual Financial Reports
- 8.1 Yr. 1918-1919 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1918-1919 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1919-1920 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1919-1920 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1920-1921 Budgets and Estimates (missing)
- 8.1 Yr. 1921-1922 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1921-1922 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1922-1923 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1922-1923 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1923-1924 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1923-1924 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1924-1925 Budgets and Estimates In the file is a letter from Emerick threatening to resign over budget issues and how they are handled. 8.1 Yr 1924-1925 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1925-1926 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1925-1926 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1926-1927 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1926-1927 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1926, Aug 18. News Release on School Funding
- 8.1 Yr. 1927-1928 Budgets and Estimates 8.1 Yr 1927-1928 Budgets and Estimates
- 8.1 Yr. 1928/29. - School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1929 Budget policy statement, probably by Emerick, July 27, 1929. Proposes a progressive use of revenue to support public education. "There has come about in our whole nations a great industrial change. Wealth is now more concentrated in a few places than ever before. ... The state and Federal government have the ability to tax the centers of wealth and distribute the resulting income in those poorer section which have undoubtedly contributed to that wealth but which gain but little therefore because the accumulated profits are not reinvested in their midst. Whatever our views on State's rights or on the "too much concentration of power," there may be we at least should recognize the inevitable trend of industrial concentration and shape the affairs of our state and nation to meet these changed conditions.: 8.1 Yr 1929 Budget Policy
- 8.1 Yr. 1929/30 - School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1930/31 - School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1931/32 - School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1931, April 14. Bluemont League on Tax Levy.
- 8.1 Yr. 1932 School Bond Issue
- 8.1 Yr 1932 Budget Policy Statement 8.1 Yr 1932 Budget Statement
- 8.1 Yr. 1932/33 School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1932- 1955 School Budget Papers. Contains much on bonds
- 8.1 Yr. 1934-35 School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1933-34 School Budget 8.1 Yr. 1933 34 School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1921-1954. Financial Assessment of Tangible Property.
- 8.1 Yr. 1933-1935. Virginia Educational Association. per capita Costs of Education by County
- 8.1 Yr. 1933-1934. School Budget
- 8.1 Yr. 1936 School Debts re Lovettsville and Leesburg
- 8.1 Yr. 1936/37 School Budget
- 3.1 Yr 1936 The Problem with Reducing Teacher Salaries Salaries has declined, while responsibilities have increased. 3.1 Yr 1936 The Problem with Reducing Teacher Salaries
- 8.1 Yr. 1936, Dec 21. Debts re Lovettsville and Leesburg School District
- 8.1 Yr. 1937 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1937
- 8.1 Yr. 1938/39 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1938
- 8.1 Yr. 1939/40 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1939
- 8.1 Yr. 1940/41 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1940
- 8.1 Yr. 1940 Lovettsville School Debt
- 8.1 Yr. 1941/42 Tax Question. Leesburg
- 8.1 Yr. 1942/43
- 8.1 Yr. 1940/41 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1941
- 8.1 Yr. 1941/42
- 8.1 Yr. 1940/41 Loudoun County School Budget, Fiscal year beginning July 1, 1942
- 8.1 Yr. 1945, April 10. Article for Loudoun Times-Mirror.
- 8.1 Yr. 1946/47 Loudoun Times Mirror article on appropriation authorization by General Assembly.
- 8.1 Yr. 1948/49 Loudoun Times Mirror Sept 14, 1948 article on Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals ruling that 1948 authorization that Retirement System loan money to school board through literary fund is not constitutional.
- 8.1 Yr. 1952/53 Loudoun County ranked 3rd among the 100 counties of Virginia in actual wealth per child and tied with Clarke County.
- 8.1 Yr. 1954/55 Loudoun County ranked 4th in 98 counties, surpassed by Fauquier, Warren and Arlington.
8.3 Mechanics, Janitors and Secretaries.
- 8.3 1952-1954 Mechanics, Janitors and Secretaries. Salary information is provided and school assignments
- 8.3 1954-1956 Information on Janitor duties and assignments.
- 8.3 Unk. Janitor’s Lament. A poem by Oscar Emerick
8.5 Yr. 1925 Term Limits for Schools. White Schools.
8.5 Yr. 1926-1956 Calendars for White Schools
8.5 Yr. 1949-1956 Calendars for “negro” school
8.6 School Calendars